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矿山采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术进展及应用

朱卫兵 王晓振 谢建林 赵波智 宁杉 许家林

朱卫兵,王晓振,谢建林,等. 矿山采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术进展及应用[J]. 工矿自动化,2023,49(9):1-12.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18136
引用本文: 朱卫兵,王晓振,谢建林,等. 矿山采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术进展及应用[J]. 工矿自动化,2023,49(9):1-12.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18136
ZHU Weibing, WANG Xiaozhen, XIE Jianlin, et al. Advancements and applications: In-situ monitoring technology for overburden movement in mining[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2023,49(9):1-12.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18136
Citation: ZHU Weibing, WANG Xiaozhen, XIE Jianlin, et al. Advancements and applications: In-situ monitoring technology for overburden movement in mining[J]. Journal of Mine Automation,2023,49(9):1-12.  doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18136

矿山采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术进展及应用

doi: 10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.18136
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(52074265,52274097)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    朱卫兵(1978—),男,江苏南通人,教授,博士,主要研究方向为岩层移动与绿色开采,E-mail:zweibing@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TD325

Advancements and applications: In-situ monitoring technology for overburden movement in mining

  • 摘要: 覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术具备适应深井高承压水特厚煤层开采复杂地质条件、多层位动态监测、高精度远程实时在线传输等技术特点,可为矿山企业开展顶板灾害防控提供有效的数据支撑。从煤炭开采应用实践背景出发,系统回顾了采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术的发展历程、技术进展和应用效果。结合我国矿压理论及岩移监测技术发展历史,全面介绍了矿山采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术的重要阶段,阐述了该技术在多维实时协同监测、无人在线监测和深部岩移监测3个方面所取得的理论创新与技术突破。结合补连塔煤矿、同忻煤矿、高家堡煤矿等矿井监测工程实例,展示了采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术在实际工程应用中的有效性,并探讨了该技术在不同类型矿区、不同研究领域的应用前景。指出矿山采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测技术的发展趋势为精确化、智能化和集成化,即通过优化传感器性能和布置方案等提高监测精度和准确性,利用人工智能、大数据和物联网技术实现自动化分析和预测,将原位监测技术与其他技术相结合以形成完整的监测系统。

     

  • 图  1  覆岩内部岩移多维实时协同监测体系组成

    Figure  1.  Composition of the multidimensional real-time cooperative monitoring system for overburden movement in mining

    图  2  矿山采动覆岩内部岩移原位监测深度发展历程

    Figure  2.  Development history of in-situ monitoring depth of overburden movement in mining

    图  3  补连塔煤矿测点布置及岩移监测结果

    Figure  3.  The arrangement of measurement points and overburden movement monitoring results of Bulianta Coal Mine

    图  4  同忻煤矿测点布置及岩移监测结果

    Figure  4.  The arrangement of measurement points and overburden movement monitoring results of Tongxin Coal Mine

    图  5  高家堡煤矿测点布置及岩移监测结果

    Figure  5.  The arrangement of measurement points and overburden movement monitoring results of Gaojiabao Coal Mine

    图  6  测点位移抬升监测

    Figure  6.  Measurement point displacement lift monitoring

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-06-18
  • 修回日期:  2023-09-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-09-28

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